People should work closely with a dermatologist to diagnose and manage any skin disorder and ensure it does not affect their lifestyle. It divides into two sectors permanent and temporary conditions. Permanent conditions last a long time and some are Seborrheic dermatitis appears reddish, swollen, and white to yellow crust on the surface of the skin. In Eczema rashes may cover more of the body, causing very dry skin that is permanently itchy. Temporary conditions are Acne, Hives, Warts, Fungal nail infection, Candidiasis, Athlete’s foot.
· Atopic Dermatitis
· Causes, treatment and prevention of skin disorders
Cosmetic surgery is a specialized medical specialty based on the enhancement of appearance by surgical and medical techniques. Cosmetic surgery can take place in all areas of the head, neck and body. Some types of cosmetic surgery for the face include Botox, Dermabrasion, Face-lift, Rhinoplasty, Blepharoplasty and Facial fillers.
· Breast surgery
· Facial cosmetic surgery
· Chemical peels
· Dermal fillers
Dermatopathology is the microscopic study of cutaneous diseases, which also involves the study at the cellular level of potential causes of skin, nail, or hair disorders. Dermatologists are able to recognize and diagnose skin disorders based on appearance and anatomic distribution. Such diagnoses are inconclusive, however, which then raises the need for a skin biopsy. A biopsy may reveal the cellular level histology of the disease and aid in diagnosis. Further testing on biopsies, including immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and molecular-pathological analysis may be performed. These tests come under the dermatopathology group
· Skin Pathology
· Inflammatory skin diseases
· Neoplastic lesions
Pediatric dermatologists are experts in proper diagnosis and management of infant skin diseases, including proper management of pediatric medication. They provide medical and/or surgical treatment of skin conditions such as warts and other lesions of the skin. Many medical disorders in the childhood, such as growth of the infantile hemangioma blood vessel, are not seen in adults. Common conditions, like psoriasis, can present unique symptoms in children.
· Vascular and pigmented birthmarks
· Melanocytic nevi
· Collagen vascular disorders
· Acneiform eruptions
The purpose is to understand how the body's immune system operates inside the skin. The skin is not just a passive body shell-it is so much more. They are one of the body's primary immune organs. It is constantly being attacked by all kinds of foreign materials – viruses, chemicals, micro-organisms – and in order not to penetrate the skin and cause harm to those external elements in the environment, the body needs an intact immune system that stretches straight out to the skin surface.
· Skin and immune system
· Hidradenitis suppurativa
· Allergic contact dermatitis
· Tumor necrosis factor
· Chemokine receptor
Aesthetic medicine includes all medical procedures intended to improve the patient's physical appearance and satisfaction, using non-invasive to minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. The aid of performing is by surgical and non-surgical procedures. Surgical techniques are facelifts, liposuction, breast implants, radio frequency ablation and body shaping surgeries and non-surgical techniques are chemical peeling, microdermabrasion, dermal fillers, liposuction and bio revitalization skin tightening.
· Body Contouring and Treatment of Cellulite
· Injections of Neurotoxins and Dermal Fillers
· Cosmetic Gynecology
· Fat Grafting/Platelet Rich Plasma
Plastic surgery involves both enhancing the appearance of a person and reconstructing facial and body tissue defects due to disease, trauma, or birth disorders. Plastic surgery contains both reconstructive and aesthetic procedures (cosmetic). In reconstructive procedures surgery is done on abnormal structures of the body due to trauma or any diseases. In aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is done to repair or reshape normal structures of the body to improve appearance.
· Reconstructive Surgery
· Congenital anomalies
· Burns and tattoo removal
· Skin Cancer
· Birthmarks and scars
Proper nutrition is a powerful thing, and following the fundamentals of a healthy skin diet is a great way to actually see just how impactful eating right can be. Antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and B vitamins, act as bodyguards for your skin cells and help protect them against damage. Omega-3s are also important for the health and appearance of the skin, helping to minimize the inflammation that can cause cell degradation over time. Protein is essential for cellular repair, and because we shed so many skin cells every day, a healthy protein-filled diet ensures that we replenish what we lost and keep the cells that we fed well.
· Nutritious Diet
· Toxins and Dehydration
· Healthy and Glowing Skin
· Supplements for Hair and Skin Growth
Focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of functional and aesthetic problems affecting the face, mouth, and jaws' bones, skin, and muscles. Surgeons do rebuilt faces damaged by injury and also perform cosmetic surgery on the face, jaws and neck.
· Bone grafts and dental implants to retore jaws
· Implant technologies
· Correcting cleft palates
The cells (melanocytes) that make melanin, the pigment responsible for your skin's colour, grow into melanoma, the most dangerous type of skin cancer. Additionally, melanoma can develop in your eyes and, very rarely, inside your body, like in your throat or nose.
· Skin Grafting
· Wide local excision
· Mohs Surgery
Dermatology deals with the skin and skin diseases. It focuses on the screening, investigation, and diagnosis of skin conditions and normal skin. Dermatology includes all aspects of treating cancers, cosmetic and ageing disorders of the skin, fat, hair, nails, and mucous membranes of the mouth and genitalia.
· Cryosurgery - Treatment of warts, skin cancers or other dermatoses
· Allergy testing
· Systemic therapies such as antibiotics & immunomodulators
Trichology is concerned with hair and scalp problems. It includes research on conditions affecting the human scalp and hair, as well as evaluations of their causes and remedies. Women who experience hair loss are more likely to have PCOS, a hormonal imbalance that can lead to irregular menstruation, acne, and weight gain.
Hair Transplantation is a procedure done by dermatological surgeon to move hair to a bald area of the head. Two type of transplant procedures are followed which is slit grafts and micrograft’s. The techniques used to obtain follicles for transplantation is follicular unit transplantation (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE)
· Scarring Alopecia
· Excessive Hair Growth
· Hair Shedding
· Pattern Baldness
· FUT and FUE
· Complications associated with a hair transplant
Surgical Dermatology offers a full range of surgical services for treating skin cancer or other skin conditions involving surgery. Dermatological surgery covers a wide variety of methods for the removal or alteration of skin tissue for wellbeing (skin cancer) or aesthetic gain (removal of birthmarks or moles). Biopsy, excision, ED&C (electrodessication & curettage) and cryotherapy are among these techniques. In most cases, skin conditions requiring surgery can be treated in our office under local anesthesia, in an outpatient environment, with minimal discomfort and low risk of complications.
· Liposuction using Local Anesthesia
· Tattoo Removal
· Age Spots and Birthmark Correction
· Laser Resurfacing and Skin Rejuvenation
· Vein Treatments
In rhinoplasty surgeon will consider facial features, the skin on your nose which would be like to change. This surgery can change bone, cartilage and skin. Depending on how complicated your procedure is and what your surgeon chooses, rhinoplasty involves either local anaesthetic with sedation or full anaesthetic.
Otoplasty is a procedure to change the shape, position or size of the ears. Scarring, change in sensation, problems with stitches and allergic reaction are some of the risk factors associated after the surgical procedures
The study of how cosmetic procedures and therapies are used is covered by cosmetology. A cosmetologist is a professional who specializes in administering cosmetic operations, therapies, and treatments to enhance one's appearance on the outside.
· Skin Care treatments
· Hair Transplant
· Herbal Beauty care
Normal health cures such as ointments, facials, frequent cleaning, and home remedies. Major skin issues can only be managed with cutting-edge skincare or cosmetic procedures. Chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing, blue light therapy, thermage, and other skin treatments are examples.
A chemical peel is a method for enhancing the look of the skin on the hands, neck, or face.
Cryosurgery uses liquid nitrogen to cure early-stage basal and squamous cell carcinomas, remove skin growths, and lighten age spots.
· Acne Blue Light Therapy
· Chemical Peel
· IPL Photo-Facial
· Laser Skin Resurfacing
· Laser Skin Tightening
It reduces the sight of wrinkles and scars, evens out skin coloration (pigmentation), tightens skin, and eliminates benign and malignant tumours. Erbium or carbon dioxide (CO2) are examples of ablative lasers. Deep wrinkles, warts, and scars can all be removed with CO2 laser resurfacing treatments. On the other hand, no skin layers are removed with non-ablative lasers. Non-ablative lasers can be used to treat rosacea, spider veins and skin associated acne. Laser resurfacing will reduce the appearance of fine lines in the face. If you have scars or sun damage it can also treat skin tone loss and enhance your complexion.
· Ablative lasers
· Non-ablative lasers
· Wound care
· Bacterial infection
· Complications of Laser Skin Resurfacing
Clinical trials are research studies carried out on humans with the goal of testing a surgical or medicinal intervention. Finding out if a new treatment, such as a new medicine or diet, is effective which aids research
Case reports are detailed information of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis and treatment of the patients
· Phase I, II, and III Trials
· Harmful Side Effects
· FDA Approval
· Curable Report
· Diagnostic and Treatment Procedures
As apps, software, and innovation for intelligent dermatology join the market, new trends are rapidly shifting. There is a lot going on in dermatology so medical practitioners will be bracing for the scientific advancements in time before they start swiping through the field. Looking forward, dermatologists should foresee emerging innovations and therapies that can gain and boost services.
· Robotics and Artificial intelligent
· Nanotechnology and nanoparticles
· Health sensors
- Skin Diseases
- Cosmetic surgery
- Pediatric Dermatology
- Aesthetic Medicine
- Plastic Surgery
- Diet & Nutritional Supplements for Healthy Skin
- Oral and maxillofacial Surgery
- Trichology and hair transplantation
- Surgical Dermatology
- Rhinoplasty and otoplasty
- Nail Diseases
- Skincare Treatment
- Laser Skin Resurfacing
- Clinical Trial and Case reports
- Latest Trends and Innovation in Dermatology